International Cyber Engagement


  • The regulation of cyber space at the international level is rapidly developing, predominantly driven by the dual processes being pursued by States through the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts and the Open-Ended Working Group. The mandates of both groups significantly overlap, although have different compositions.


  • In December 2018, the United National General Assembly (UNGA) established two processes to discuss responsible state behaviour in cyberspace: an inaugural Open Ended Working Group (OEWG) (A/Res/73/27); and, a sixth Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) ((A/Res/73/266). The UN GGE's reports have affirmed that existing international law applies to cyber space.
  • The OEWG was due to issue its final report in 2020 but has been delayed until March 2021 due to COVID-19. The GGE was due to deliver its final report in July 2020, but now the fourth and final session of the GGE will now occur by May 2021.

Framework for Responsible State Behaviour in Cyberspace

  • The 2010, 2013 and 2015 UN Group of Government Expert outcome reports affirm that existing international law — and in particular, the charter of the United Nations in its entirety — is applicable and essential to maintaining peace and stability and promoting an open, secure, stable, accessible and peaceful ICT environment.
  • The UN GGE reports of 2010, 2013 and 2015 articulate voluntary non-binding norms of responsible state behaviour, while recognising the need for confidence building measures (CBMs), and coordinated capacity building. Combined, these measures (international law, norms, CBMs and capacity building) are often referred to as a Framework for Responsible State Behaviour. Every UN member state has endorsed – by consensus – the reports of the 2010, 2013 and 2015 GGE. These reports provide the foundation for the work of the inaugural OEWG and the sixth GGE.

Regulatory & Policy Framework

Relevant Organisations

Inquiries & Consultations

Industry Materials

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